A biography of sir isaac newton one of the most important scientists of all time

What did isaac newton discover

In a letter of general correspondence to Royal Society members for contributions, Hooke wrote to Newton and brought up the question of planetary motion, suggesting that a formula involving the inverse squares might explain the attraction between planets and the shape of their orbits. At one point his mother tried to take him out of school so he could help on the farm, but Isaac had no interest in becoming a farmer and was soon back at school. The boy was not a good student. As Newton's reputation and fame grew, Hooke's declined, causing him to become even more bitter and loathsome toward his rival. Although his discoveries were among many made during the Scientific Revolution, Newton's universal principles of gravity found no parallels in science at the time. Reflecting Telescope - In Newton invented the reflecting telescope. The Force Be With You! His mother pulled him out of school at age Most helpful essay resource ever! By June , he was ready to matriculate at Trinity College, Cambridge , somewhat older than the other undergraduates because of his interrupted education. During this period, he did much scientific work in the subjects he would spend his life exploring, motion, optics, and mathematics.

Principia offers an exact quantitative description of bodies in motion, with three basic but important laws of motion: First Law A stationary body will stay stationary unless an external force is applied to it. Deprived of a father before birth, he soon lost his mother as well, for within two years she married a second time; her husband, the well-to-do minister Barnabas Smith, left young Isaac with his grandmother and moved to a neighbouring village to raise a son and two daughters.

Isaac newton biography

In doing so, he found the answers to some of the greatest mysteries of science. He spent his time solving mathematical problems, instead of taking care of the crops. Galileo died the same year Newton was born. It was during this time that Newton kept a second set of notes, entitled "Quaestiones Quaedam Philosophicae" "Certain Philosophical Questions". Newton and Hooke had brief exchanges in —80, when Hooke, appointed to manage the Royal Society's correspondence, opened up a correspondence intended to elicit contributions from Newton to Royal Society transactions, [50] which had the effect of stimulating Newton to work out a proof that the elliptical form of planetary orbits would result from a centripetal force inversely proportional to the square of the radius vector. Consequently, he began exploring the theories of motion and gravity. Thus, he observed that colour is the result of objects interacting with already-coloured light rather than objects generating the colour themselves. Newton theorized that white light was a composite of all colors of the spectrum, and that light was composed of particles. The two traditions of natural philosophy, the mechanical and the Hermetic, antithetical though they appear, continued to influence his thought and in their tension supplied the fundamental theme of his scientific career. Let us know! There's a problem with this paper. It not only introduced the theory of gravity, but defined the principals of modern physics. He sent a beam of sunlight through the prism. He verged on soundlike waves to explain the repeated pattern of reflection and transmission by thin films Opticks Bk. During this time, he came across Nicholas Mercator's published book on methods for dealing with infinite series.

He used a three-sided piece of glass called a prism. Not wanting it to be considered a mere honorary position, Newton approached the job in earnest, reforming the currency and severely punishing counterfeiters. In late[47] he was able to produce this first reflecting telescope.

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He retired from his Cambridge duties inand exercised his authority to reform the currency and punish clippers and counterfeiters. His momentous book on physics, Principia, contains information on nearly all of the essential concepts of physics except energy, ultimately helping him to explain the laws of motion and the theory of gravity.

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Its publication immediately raised Newton to international prominence. Ironically, the impetus that put Newton on the right direction in this study came from Robert Hooke. He could not bring himself to concentrate on rural affairs—set to watch the cattle, he would curl up under a tree with a book.

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Legacy Newton's fame grew even more after his death, as many of his contemporaries proclaimed him the greatest genius who ever lived. Here is a list of some of the most important and famous ones.

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Sir Isaac Newton