Neighborhoods influence children's behavior by providing examples of the values that people hold, and these examples influence children's perception of what is acceptable behavior.
The important role of socioeconomic conditions is shown by the absence of differences in delinquency between children in single-parent and two-parent homes within homogeneous socioeconomic classes Austin, They argued that youth who are reinforced for deviancy through laughter or attention, for example, are more likely to actually engage in deviant behavior.
Parents who are themselves unclear about what they expect of their children are likely to be inconsistent and to be unclear in communications with their children. Few studies, however, have assessed cognitive functioning during the preschool years or followed the children into adolescence to understand the long-term link between early cognitive deficits and juvenile delinquency.
That is, untilthere were significantly fewer adolescents than 10 years before. There may also be biological factors, such as high levels of serotoningiving them a difficult temper and poor self-regulation, and a lower resting heart rate, which may lead to fearlessness.
Child abuse, as well as neglect, has been implicated in the development of delinquent behavior.